Effects of travoprost on aqueous humor dynamics in patients with elevated intraocular pressure

Carol B. Toris, Guilin Zhan, Shan Fan, Jaime E. Dickerson, Theresa A. Landry, Michael V.W. Bergamini, Carl B. Camras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: To determine the mechanism by which travoprost 0.004% reduces intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with ocular hypertension or primary open angle glaucoma. DESIGN: This is a randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, single center study of 26 patients scheduled for 3 visits (baseline, day 15, and days 17 to 18) following screening. METHODS: After appropriate washout of all ocular medications, baseline IOPs were taken and travoprost 0.004% was administered once-daily in the evening for 17 consecutive doses to 1 eye and its vehicle to the fellow eye in a randomized, masked fashion. On day 15, beginning 12 hours after the 14th consecutive dose, IOP was measured by pneumatonometry, aqueous flow and outflow facility by fluorophotometry, and episcleral venous pressure by venomanometry. Uveoscleral outflow was determined by mathematical calculation. Two days later, the last drop of drug/vehicle was given at 2000 hours. Fluorophotometry and tonometry measurements were repeated between 2200 and 0600 hours. Treated eyes were compared with contralateral control eyes or baseline measurements, and daytime measurements were compared with nighttime measurements using paired t tests. RESULTS: Travoprost-treated eyes showed a significant (P<0.001) decrease in daytime IOP compared with baseline (26%) or to vehicle-treated eyes (22%), and an increase in daytime outflow facility (P=0.001; 64%). The increase in uveoscleral outflow was not statistically significant. At night, the IOPs of travoprost-treated eyes remained 21% to 24% below baseline daytime values. Seated and supine IOPs in control eyes were significantly (P<0.04) lower at 2200 hours than 1700 hours (P<0.04). Supine IOPs were higher than seated IOPs in both control and treated eyes (P<0.001). Aqueous flow was significantly (P<0.001) reduced at night in both travoprost (30%) and vehicle-treated (25%) eyes when compared with daytime values. No other comparisons were statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Travoprost seems to lower IOP by increasing trabecular outflow facility. An effect on uveoscleral outflow cannot be ruled out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-195
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Glaucoma
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • Aqueous humor dynamics
  • Glaucoma
  • Intraocular pressure
  • Prostaglandins
  • Travoprost

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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