Efficacy of a combination viral vaccine for protection of cattle against experimental infection with field isolates of bovine herpesvirus-1

John A. Ellis, Sheryl E. Gow, Noriko Goji, Clinton Jones, Aspen Workman, Gail Henderson, Carrie Rhodes, Glenn Alaniz, Todd R. Meinert, Cassius M. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-To determine whether a combination viral vaccine containing a modified-live bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) would protect calves from infection with virulent field strains of BHV-1 for weeks or months after vaccination Design-Randomized controlled trial, performed in 2 replicates. Animals-63 weaned 4- to 6-month-old crossbred beef calves seronegative for antibody against BHV-1. Procedures-Calves were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 treatment groups. Control calves (n = 10/replicate) received a combination modified-live mixed viral vaccine without BHV-1 and treatment calves (20 and 23/replicate) received a combination modified-live mixed viral vaccine containing BHV-1. Each group was challenged via aerosol with 1 of 2 field strains of BHV-1, 30 days after vaccination in replicate 1 and 97 days after vaccination in replicate 2. After challenge, calves were commingled in 1 drylot pen. Clinical signs, immune responses, and nasal shedding of virus were monitored for 10 days after challenge, after which the calves were euthanatized and tracheal lesions were assessed. Results-Vaccination stimulated production of BHV-1-specific IgG antibody that cross-neutralized several field and laboratory strains of BHV-1. Challenge with both field strains of BHV-1 resulted in moderate to severe respiratory tract disease in control calves. Treatment calves had significantly fewer signs of clinical disease, shed less BHV-1, had less or no weight loss after challenge, and had fewer tracheal lesions than control calves for at least 97 days after vaccination. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Administration of the combination modified-live BHV-1 vaccine yielded significant disease-sparing effects in calves experimentally infected with virulent field strains of BHV-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-572
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume235
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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    Ellis, J. A., Gow, S. E., Goji, N., Jones, C., Workman, A., Henderson, G., Rhodes, C., Alaniz, G., Meinert, T. R., & Tucker, C. M. (2009). Efficacy of a combination viral vaccine for protection of cattle against experimental infection with field isolates of bovine herpesvirus-1. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 235(5), 563-572. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.235.5.563