Efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of 1,2,4-trioxolane OZ78 against an experimental infection with Fasciola hepatica in sheep

Jennifer Keiser, Carla Kirchhofer, Manuel Haschke, Jörg Huwyler, Yuxiang Dong, Jonathan L. Vennerstrom, Kathleen Vanhoff, Ronald Kaminsky, Nick Malikides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The synthetic peroxide OZ78 is an effective flukicide in the rodent model, but the potential of OZ78 in target animals has not been studied to date. In the present study, OZ78 was administered at 50mg/kg orally and subcutaneously to sheep harbouring an experimental Fasciola hepatica infection and the efficacy, tolerability and pharmacokinetic profiles were monitored. OZ78 given orally or subcutaneously revealed no effect neither on faecal egg counts nor on worm burdens. Apart from significant subcutaneous swelling at the injection sites of most of the treated animals, no other treatment related adverse events occurred. OZ78 had no significant effect on any haematological, coagulation or clinical chemistry variables tested. Following oral administration, a mean Cmax of 45.8±13μg/ml was reached after 1h. An estimated elimination half-life of 1.0h and a mean AUC of 116.2±47μgmin/ml was calculated for the oral administration. Following subcutaneous treatment with OZ78 Cmax and tmax were 13.7±6.1μg/ml and 0.9±0.4h, respectively. The α and β half-lives were 4.5±4.3h and 56.5±36h, respectively and the mean AUC was 219.1±74μgmin/ml. Further studies are needed to determine whether the excellent activity observed with OZ78 in the rat model can be translated into efficacy in larger mammals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-235
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume173
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2010

Keywords

  • 1,2,4-Trioxolane
  • Egg count
  • Experimental infection
  • Fasciola hepatica
  • Fascioliasis
  • LC-MS
  • Lamb
  • OZ78
  • Ozonide
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Safety
  • Sheep
  • Worm burden

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)

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