Electrical and Elastic Properties of Individual Single-Layer Nb4C3Tx MXene Flakes

Alexey Lipatov, Mohamed Alhabeb, Haidong Lu, Shuangshuang Zhao, Michael J. Loes, Nataliia S. Vorobeva, Yohan Dall'Agnese, Yu Gao, Alexei Gruverman, Yury Gogotsi, Alexander Sinitskii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Scopus citations


2D carbides and nitrides (MXenes) are widely recognized for their exceptional promise for numerous applications. However, physical property measurements of their individual monolayers remain very limited despite their importance for revealing the intrinsic physical properties of MXenes. The first mechanical and electrical measurements of individual single-layer flakes of Nb4C3Tx MXene, which are prepared via an improved synthetic method are reported. Characterization of field-effect transistor devices based on individual single-layer Nb4C3Tx flakes shows an electrical conductivity of 1024 ± 165 S cm−1, which is two orders of magnitude higher than the previously reported values for bulk Nb4C3Tx assemblies, and an electron mobility of 0.41 ± 0.27 cm2 V−1 s−1. Atomic force microscopy nanoindentation measurements of monolayer Nb4C3Tx membranes yield an effective Young's modulus of 386 ± 13 GPa, assuming a membrane thickness of 1.26 nm. This is the highest value reported for nanoindentation measurements of solution-processable 2D materials, revealing the potential of Nb4C3Tx as a primary component for various mechanical applications. Finally, the agreement between the mechanical properties of 2D Nb4C3Tx MXene and cubic NbC suggests that the extensive experimental data on bulk carbides could be useful for identifying new MXenes with improved functional characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1901382
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • monolayer materials
  • niobium carbide
  • temperature-dependent resistivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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