Electromagnetic field focusing (EFF) probe-a new neurosurgical tool

A. A. Patil, W. S. Yamanashi, J. L. Valentine, D. Hill, O. F. Filip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The electromagnetic field focusing (EFF) probe is capable of producing well circumscribed, intense heat at the point of contact with the tissue. Experimental studies were carried out to assess this probe as a neurosurgical tool using 38 rats and 4 mice with mammary carcinoma. The study on the rats included study of the cutting, coagulating and vaporizing effect on brain tissue including study of blood brain barrier disruption and heat dissipation. The study on the mice included the study of vaporizing property of the probe on solid tumours. The probe proved to be an excellent tool for cutting, coagulating and vaporizing purposes with very minimal disruption of blood brain barrier and demonstrated well circumscribed heating pattern. The study indicates that this tool combines the beneficial effect of both the YAG and CO2 laser.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-110
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Sep 1987
Externally publishedYes


  • Electromagnetic field focusing probe
  • blood brain barrier
  • brain tumours
  • coagulation
  • cutting
  • vaporization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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