Electrophysiological responses from a temporal order continuum in the newborn infant

Panagiotis G. Simos, Dennis L. Molfese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Auditory Evoked Responses (AERs) were used to investigate discrimination of temporal order differences in eight male and eight female newborn infants. The temporal lags in two-tone non-speech stimuli - known as tone-onset time (TOT) - modeled the temporal delay of voicing-onset time (VOT), an important cue for voicing contrasts. Analyses on peak amplitude measures and principal component scores indicated that the amplitude of the second negative AER deflection (N530) recorded from the left and right parietal leads changed abruptly as TOT values increased from +20 to +40 msec. However, no differences were noted between tokens that belonged in the same adult perceptual categories. A similar pattern of variability was observed for the amplitude of the first major negative peak (N200). Our findings indicate that the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying categorical-like distinctions of a temporal voicing cue used in speech perception may have an innate basis. Since both hemispheres produced similar responses at birth, the present data suggest that brain mechanisms involved in temporal order processing undergo significant reorganization during the first years of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-98
Number of pages10
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1997

Keywords

  • Auditory evoked reponses
  • Neonates
  • Speech
  • Tone-onset time
  • Voicing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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