Electrospun Nanofibrous Membranes for Preventing Tendon Adhesion

Mahdieh Alimohammadi, Yasaman Aghli, Omid Fakhraei, Ali Moradi, Mohammad Passandideh-Fard, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimzadeh, Ali Khademhosseini, Ali Tamayol, Seyed Ali Mousavi Shaegh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Tendon injuries are frequent, and surgical interventions toward their treatment might result in significant clinical complications. Pretendinous adhesion results in the disruption of the normal gliding mechanism of a damaged tendon, painful movements, and an increased chance of rerupture in the future. To alleviate postsurgical tendon-sheath adhesions, many investigations have been directed toward the development of repair approaches using electrospun nanofiber scaffolds. Such methods mainly take advantage of nanofibrous membranes (NFMs) as physical barriers to prevent or minimize adhesion of a repaired tendon to its surrounding sheath. In addition, these nanofibers can also locally deliver antiadhesion and anti-inflammatory agents to reduce the risk of tendon adhesion. This article reviews recent advances in the design, fabrication, and characterization of nanofibrous membranes developed to serve as (i) biomimetic tendon sheaths and (ii) physical barriers. Various features of the membranes are discussed to present insights for further development of repair methods suitable for clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4356-4376
Number of pages21
JournalACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adhesion
  • electrospun nanofibers
  • physical barrier
  • tendon injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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