Elementary cognitive processes underlying verbal working memory in pre-lingually deaf children with cochlear implants

Angela M. AuBuchon, David B. Pisoni, William G. Kronenberger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Individual differences in verbal working memory underlie the substantial variation routinely observed in speech and language outcomes of deaf children with cochlear implants. In this chapter we describe the nature of verbal working memory and its component processes: encoding, maintenance, and retrieval. We then present evidence suggesting that the verbal working memory delays and disturbances found recently in many young CI users are not idiopathic or anomalous but are consistent with a large body of earlier research in verbal working memory development in normal-hearing, typically-developing children. Specifically, pre-lingually deaf CI users appear to be at risk for slow and inefficient phonological recoding and verbal rehearsal processes because of the early atypical auditory and language environments in which their verbal working memory systems develop.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Cochlear Implantation
Subtitle of host publicationLearning and the Brain
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages257-273
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781493927883
ISBN (Print)9781493927876
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cochlear implants
  • Phonological recoding
  • Verbal rehearsal speed
  • Verbal short-term memory
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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