EM-Based Wireless Underground Sensor Networks

Abdul Salam, Mehmet C. Vuran

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

21 Scopus citations


In this chapter, fundamental building blocks of electromagnetic (EM)-based wireless underground sensor networks (WUSNs) are presented. A detailed introduction to the dynamics of the soil medium, in which WUSNs are deployed, is provided. Then, physical layer underground channel characteristics, communication, and propagation models are analyzed. Error control models are presented, and WUSN connectivity model is discussed. Empirical evaluation is important to get deep insight into the underground channel. To this end, testbed design and experimental approaches are also described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationUnderground Sensing
Subtitle of host publicationMonitoring and Hazard Detection for Environment and Infrastructure
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages39
ISBN (Electronic)9780128031544
ISBN (Print)9780128031391
StatePublished - 2018


  • Antennas and electromagnetic wave propagation in soil
  • Connectivity
  • Cyber-physical systems
  • Error control
  • Field experiments
  • Internet of underground things
  • Soil
  • Underground channel modeling
  • Wireless underground communications
  • WUSN testbeds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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