Embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocyte heterogeneity and the isolation of immature and committed cells for cardiac remodeling and regeneration

Kenneth R. Boheler, Robert N. Joodi, Hui Qiao, Ondrej Juhasz, Amanda L. Urick, Sandra L. Chuppa, Rebekah L. Gundry, Robert P. Wersto, Rong Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pluripotent stem cells represent one promising source for cell replacement therapy in heart, but differentiating embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (ESC-CMs) are highly heterogeneous and show a variety of maturation states. In this study, we employed an ESC clonal line that contains a cardiac-restricted ncx1 promoter-driven puromycin resistance cassette together with a mass culture system to isolate ESC-CMs that display traits characteristic of very immature CMs. The cells display properties of proliferation, CM-restricted markers, reduced mitochondrial mass, and hypoxia-resistance. Following transplantation into rodent hearts, bioluminescence imaging revealed that immature cells, but not more mature CMs, survived for at least one month following injection. These data and comparisons with more mature cells lead us to conclude that immature hypoxia resistant ESC-CMs can be isolated in mass in vitro and, following injection into heart, form grafts that may mediate long-term recovery of global and regional myocardial contractile function following infarction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number214203
JournalStem Cells International
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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