The pathogenic mechanisms underlying uveitis syndromes continue to be evaluated using animal models and in the clinical setting. As the complex interactions between ocular immune cells, proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines and cellular adhesion molecules are uncovered, targeted therapies directed against these immune mediators will continue to be developed. Traditional immunosuppressive medications, such as corticosteroids and steroid-sparing immunomodulatory agents, have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of uveitic syndromes, but side effects and drug toxicities often limit the use of these medications. The biologic agents, a newer class of medications, target specific immune pathways and have demonstrated efficacy in rheumatologic, dermatologic and neuroiogic conditions. Biologic therapies (e.g., TNF-α inhibitors and IL-2 receptor inhibitor) targeting ocular immune cell surface receptors, cytokines and chemokines continue to be developed and have shown promise in the treatment of uveitis and ocular inflammatory diseases. Clinical and basic aspects of monoclonal antibody therapy for uveitis are presented in this review. Additional studies are needed to further evaluate the role of monoclonal antibodies in the therapeutic armamentarium for uveitis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy