Emotion inductions cause changes in activation levels of the behavioural inhibition and approach systems

Changmin Yan, James Price Dillard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using the Life Inventory Task to induce emotions (fear, anger, and happiness) and Carver and White's (1994) BIS/BAS questionnaire to measure motivational systems this experiment (N = 305) investigated the effects of emotion inductions on self-reported emotions and motivational systems. Structural equation modeling results validated the Life Inventory Task as an effective emotion induction technique and revealed that experimentally induced emotions predicted BIS/BAS activation. Specifically, happiness and anger, both approach emotions, predicted BAS, while fear, a withdrawal emotion, predicted BIS. Such empirical evidence supported the notion that emotions are associated with motivational systems by their unique action tendencies (withdrawal and approach), not by their valence (negative and positive).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-680
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Approach systems
  • Behavioural inhibition
  • Emotion
  • Emotion inductions
  • Motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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