The relationship between stem cell mobilization with granulocyte colony- stimulating factor (G-CSF) and the endogenous production of interleukin-8 (IL-8), macrophage inflammatory protein-1α (MIP-1α), tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) was studied in normal donors for allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation. G-CSF was administered to 20 normal donors at a close of 10 μg/kg/d for 5 days with aphereses on clays 5 and 6 of G-CSF treatment. Cytokine serum levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) before and during G-CSF treatment. Before treatment, the average level of IL-8 was 7.1 pg/mL, increasing to 207.0 pg/mL on day 5 and 189.1 pg/mL on day 6. Serum IL-8 levels correlated CD34+ cell numbers (P = .0151 and P = .0005 on days 5 and 6, respectively) and colony-forming unit-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) numbers (P = .0019 and P = .0010 on days 5 and 6, respectively). Furthermore, preapheresis serum IL-8 levels correlated with the yield of CD34+ cells (P = .0027). In contrast, before treatment, the average levels of MIP-1α, TNF- α, and IFN-γ were 70.1, 4.03, and 3.84 pg/mL, respectively, and no significant changes in the levels of these cytokines were observed during G- CSF treatment. These studies suggest that IL-8 production may be critical to G-CSF-induced stem cell mobilization, although the underlying mechanism could not be clarified.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology