Endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced CHOP activation mediates the down-regulation of leptin in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells treated with the oxysterol 27-hydroxycholesterol

Gurdeep Marwarha, Bhanu Dasari, Othman Ghribi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have suggested an inverse relationship between the adipocytokine leptin and the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and leptin supplementation decreases amyloid-β (Aβ) production and tau phosphorylation (p-tau), two major biochemical events that play a key role in the pathogenesis of AD. We have previously shown that the cholesterol oxidized product 27-hydroxycholesterol (27-OHC) inhibits leptin expression, an effect that correlated with increased levels of Aβ and p-tau. We have also shown that 27-OHC induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, a cellular response that is implicated in AD and confers leptin resistance. However the extent to which ER stress is involved in 27-OHC-induced attenuation in leptin expression has not been determined. In this study we determined the involvement of ER stress in the 27-OHC-induced attenuation of leptin expression in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells. We demonstrate that 27-OHC-induced ER stress attenuates leptin expression by activating C/EBP Homologous Protein (CHOP) which negatively regulates C/EBPα, a transcription factor required for leptin expression. The molecular chaperone 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA) precludes 27-OHC-evoked ER stress and down-regulation of leptin. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the activation of the transcription factor CHOP in response to ER stress is pivotal in the attenuation of leptin expression as knocking-down CHOP alleviates the attenuation in leptin expression. Our study implicates ER stress as the mechanistic link in the 27-OHC-induced negative regulation of leptin, a hormone that has potential therapeutic effects in AD by reducing Aβ and phosphorylated tau accumulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-492
Number of pages9
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Keywords

  • 27-Hydroxycholesterol
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • C/EBP homologous protein
  • C/EBPα
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Leptin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced CHOP activation mediates the down-regulation of leptin in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells treated with the oxysterol 27-hydroxycholesterol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this