Energy-aware adaptive watermarking for real-time image delivery in wireless sensor networks

Honggang Wang, Dongming Peng, Wei Wang, Hamid Sharif, Hsiao Hwa Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

21 Scopus citations


A secure image transmission mechanism is necessary when malicious intruders intend to access and modify content delivery over wireless networks. To assure data integrity, authentication is required for multimedia data delivered over wireless image sensor networks. Watermarking technique is an effective vehicle to assert and assure the image data authentications. There have been recent works reported on watermarking, but few with the consideration of energy cost in terms of the data communication and processing, which is a key constraint to many embedded systems and wireless sensor networks. Most watermarking systems only target at minimizing watermarked image distortion and increasing robustness at the source coding site for lossy image processing. The watermarked image distortion caused by error-prone wireless environments during transmission has not been fully considered. In this paper, an innovative energy-aware adaptive watermarking scheme for real-time image delivery is proposed in wireless multimedia sensor networks. This new scheme allocates network resource to protect the watermarked image transmission while embedding watermark coding redundancies into the images. Dynamic watermark thresholds are applied to be adaptive to the network condition (packet loss ratio) and the inter-frame correlation is exploited to reduce processing delay. The simulation results show that the proposed adaptive watermark system can achieve considerable energy efficiency and assure the data integrity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationICC 2008 - IEEE International Conference on Communications, Proceedings
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2008
EventIEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2008 - Beijing, China
Duration: May 19 2008May 23 2008

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)0536-1486


OtherIEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2008


  • Authentication
  • Energy-aware
  • Watermarking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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