Joint consideration of energy efficiency, multimedia quality and media authenticity has largely been overlooked in the studies of secure wireless multimedia streaming. In this paper, we propose an authentication - resource allocation framework for secure transmission of multimedia streaming over energy constrained wireless networks. The contributions of this research can be summarized in three aspects. Firstly, a hash chain based stream level authentication scheme compatible for JPEG2000 compression standard is proposed. Secondly, link layer energydistortion is modeled, and the energy-distortion convex hull is efficiently identified, which significantly reduces optimization complexity. Finally, an authentication oriented resource allocation scheme is proposed based on the proposed authentication scheme and link layer energy-distortion convex hull, where the authenticated image quality is optimized according to energy budget constraints.