Engineering Biomimetic Nanofiber Microspheres with Tailored Size, Predesigned Structure, and Desired Composition via Gas Bubble–Mediated Coaxial Electrospray

Johnson V. John, Alec McCarthy, Hongjun Wang, Shixuan Chen, Yajuan Su, Ethan Davis, Xiaowei Li, Jae Sung Park, Richard A. Reinhardt, Jingwei Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Minimally invasive therapies avoiding surgical complexities evoke great interest in developing injectable biomedical devices. Herein, a versatile approach is reported for engineering injectable and biomimetic nanofiber microspheres (NMs) with tunable sizes, predesigned structures, and desired compositions via gas bubble–mediated coaxial electrospraying. The sizes and structures of NMs are controlled by adjusting processing parameters including air flow rate, applied voltage, distance, and spinneret configuration in the coaxial setup. Importantly, unlike the self-assembly method, this technique can be used to fabricate NMs from any material feasible for electrospinning or other nanofiber fabrication techniques. To demonstrate the versatility, open porous NMs are successfully fabricated that consist of various short nanofibers made of poly(ε-caprolactone), poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid), gelatin, methacrylated gelatin, bioglass, and magneto-responsive polymer composites. Open porous NMs support human neural progenitor cell growth in 3D with a larger number and more neurites than nonporous NMs. Additionally, highly open porous NMs show faster cell infiltration and host tissue integration than nonporous NMs after subcutaneous injection to rats. Such a novel class of NMs holds great potential for many biomedical applications such as tissue filling, cell and drug delivery, and minimally invasive tissue regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1907393
JournalSmall
Volume16
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • cell delivery
  • coaxial electrospray
  • gas bubbles
  • nanofiber microspheres
  • tissue regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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