Enhancement by growth hormone of phorbol diester-stimulated respiratory burst in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes

G. Luigi Spadoni, A. Spagnoli, S. Cianfarani, D. Del Principe, A. Menichelli, S. Di Giulio, B. Boscherini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The oxidative metabolic burst of mononuclear and polymorphonuclear phagocytes can be stimulated to produce free oxygen radicals. Several substances can enhance this respiratory burst activity by a priming action: recently growth hormone (rat and porcine) was demonstrated to act as a priming agent on rat peritoneal and on porcine alveolar macrophages. In our study we wanted to verify whether also human GH had a similar priming action on homologous cells, in particular on polymorphonuclear leukocytes. To determine the oxidative activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, after stimulation with phorbol myristate acetate, a flow-cytometric assay was employed whith registered the intracellular formation of highly fluorescent products as indicators for the intracellular formation of hydrogen peroxide. The incubation of phorbol myristate acetate-stimulated polymorphonuclear leukocytes with GH resulted in a time-dependent and dose-dependent increase in fluorescence, thus demonstrating that human GH enhances in vitro the oxidative metabolic burst of these cells. The action of GH appeared to be significant after 30 min of incubation, was maximal at 60 min, and decreased after 90 min. After one hour of incubation, the first significant variation of fluorescence appeared with GH at a concentration of 50 μg/l. The maximum effect was seen at 100 μg/l with no further increase. Specificity of GH action was demonstrated by the inhibition of its effect by the addition of monoclonal antibodies to GH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-594
Number of pages6
JournalActa Endocrinologica
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology


Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancement by growth hormone of phorbol diester-stimulated respiratory burst in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this