Enhancement of 2DEG effective mass in AlN/Al0.78Ga0.22N high electron mobility transistor structure determined by THz optical Hall effect

Philipp Kühne, Nerijus Armakavicius, Alexis Papamichail, Dat Q. Tran, Vallery Stanishev, Mathias Schubert, Plamen P. Paskov, Vanya Darakchieva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on the free charge carrier properties of a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) in an AlN/AlxGa1-xN high electron mobility transistor structure with a high aluminum content (x = 0.78). The 2DEG sheet density N s = (7.3 ± 0.7) × 10 12 cm-2, sheet mobility μ s = (270 ± 40) cm2/(Vs), sheet resistance R s = (3200 ± 500) ω / □, and effective mass m eff = (0.63 ± 0.04) m 0 at low temperatures (T = 5 K) are determined by terahertz (THz) optical Hall effect measurements. The experimental 2DEG mobility in the channel is found within the expected range, and the sheet carrier density is in good agreement with self-consistent Poisson-Schrödinger calculations. However, a significant increase in the effective mass of 2DEG electrons at low temperatures is found in comparison with the respective value in bulk Al0.78Ga22N (m eff = 0.334 m 0). Possible mechanisms for the enhanced 2DEG effective mass parameter are discussed and quantified using self-consistent Poisson-Schrödinger calculations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number253102
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume120
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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