The effect of l-ascorbate on the binding of [14C]acetaldehyde to bovine serum albumin was examined. In the absence of ascorbate, acetaldehyde reacted with albumin to form both unstable (Schiff bases) and stable adducts. Ascorbate (5 mm) caused a time-dependent increase in the formation of total acetaldehyde-albumin adducts, which were comprised mainly of stable adducts. Significant enhancement of adduct formation by ascorbate was observed at acetaldehyde concentrations as low as 5 μm. An ascorbate concentration as low as 0.5 mm was still effective in stimulating stable adduct formation. The electron acceptor, 2,6 dichlorophenolindophenol, prevented the ascorbate-induced increase in albumin-adduct formation. Ascorbate also caused enhanced acetaldehyde adduct formation with other purified proteins, including cytochrome c and histones, as well as the polyamino acid, poly-l-lysine. These results indicate that ascorbate, acting as a reducing agent, can convert unstable acetaldehyde adducts to stable adducts, and can thereby increase and stabilize the binding of acetaldehyde to proteins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology