Enhancement of acetaldehyde-protein adduct formation by l-ascorbate

Dean J. Tuma, Terrence M. Donohue, Victor A. Medina, Michael F. Sorrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


The effect of l-ascorbate on the binding of [14C]acetaldehyde to bovine serum albumin was examined. In the absence of ascorbate, acetaldehyde reacted with albumin to form both unstable (Schiff bases) and stable adducts. Ascorbate (5 mm) caused a time-dependent increase in the formation of total acetaldehyde-albumin adducts, which were comprised mainly of stable adducts. Significant enhancement of adduct formation by ascorbate was observed at acetaldehyde concentrations as low as 5 μm. An ascorbate concentration as low as 0.5 mm was still effective in stimulating stable adduct formation. The electron acceptor, 2,6 dichlorophenolindophenol, prevented the ascorbate-induced increase in albumin-adduct formation. Ascorbate also caused enhanced acetaldehyde adduct formation with other purified proteins, including cytochrome c and histones, as well as the polyamino acid, poly-l-lysine. These results indicate that ascorbate, acting as a reducing agent, can convert unstable acetaldehyde adducts to stable adducts, and can thereby increase and stabilize the binding of acetaldehyde to proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-381
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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