Objective: To characterize the expression of malondialdehdye-acetaldehyde (MAA) adducts and anti-MAA antibody in articular tissues and serum of patients with RA.
Methods: Paired sera and SF were examined from 29 RA and 13 OA patients. Anti-MAA antibody, RF, ACPA and total immunoglobulin were quantified. SF-serum measures were compared within and between disease groups. The presence and co-localization of MAA, citrulline and select leukocyte antigens in RA and OA synovial tissues were examined using immunohistochemistry.
Results: Circulating and SF anti-MAA antibody concentrations were higher in RA vs OA by 1.5- to 5-fold. IgG (P < 0.001), IgM (P = 0.006) and IgA (P = 0.036) anti-MAA antibodies were higher in paired RA SF than serum, differences not observed for total immunoglobulin, RF or ACPA. In RA synovial tissues, co-localization of MAA with citrulline and CD19+ or CD27+ B cells was demonstrated and was much higher in magnitude than MAA or citrulline co-localization with T cells, monocytes, macrophages or dendritic cells (P < 0.01).
Conclusion: Anti-MAA antibodies are present in higher concentrations in the RA joint compared with sera, a finding not observed for other disease-related autoantibodies. Co-localization of MAA and citrulline with mature B cells, coupled with the local enrichment of anti-MAA immune responses, implicates MAA-adduct formation in local autoantibody production.
- anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA)
- malondialdehyde–acetaldehyde adducts
- oxidative stress
- rheumatoid arthritis
- synovial fluid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)