We have used epidermal growth factor (EGF) to investigate the relationship between eukaryotic topoisomerases and DNA synthesis. We found that EGF stimulates topoisomerase activity in human fibroblasts and Swiss/3T3 mouse fibroblasts. The first increase is seen in the cytoplasm, followed by increased activity in the nucleus. The nuclear increases correspond to increases in DNA synthesis. A type II topoisomerase is stimulated as indicated by the ATP dependence of the relaxing reaction and by the formation of catenanes. We have also found that the topoisomerase activity in the cytoplasm is sedimentable indicating that it is either membrane-associated or in a supramolecular complex. The stimulation of topoisomerase activity by EGF may represent a key step in the process by which EGF induces DNA synthesis and cell division.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology