Epigenetic silencing of a foreign gene in nuclear transformants of Chlamydomonas

Heriberto Cerutti, Anita M. Johnson, Nicholas W. Gillham, John E. Boynton

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163 Scopus citations


The unstable expression of introduced genes poses a serious problem for the application of transgenic technology in plants. In transformants of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, expression of a eubacterial aadA gene, conferring spectinomycin resistance, is transcriptionally suppressed by a reversible epigenetic mechanism(s). Variations in the size and frequency of colonies surviving on different concentrations of spectinomycin as well as the levels of transcriptional activity of the introduced transgene(s) suggest the existence of intermediate expression states in genetically identical cells. Gene silencing does not correlate with methylation of the integrated DNA and does not involve large alterations in its chromatin structure, as revealed by digestion with restriction endonucleases and DNase I. Transgene repression is enhanced by lower temperatures, similar to position effect variegation in Drosophila. By analogy to epigenetic phenomena in several eukaryotes, our results suggest a possible role for (hetero)chromatic chromosomal domains in transcriptional inactivation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)925-945
Number of pages21
JournalPlant Cell
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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