Epoxy-free high temperature fiber optic pressure sensors for gas turbine engine applications

Juncheng Xu, Gary Pickrell, Bing Yu, Ming Han, Yizheng Zhu, Xingwei Wang, Kristie L. Cooper, Anbo Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pressure measurements at various locations of a gas turbine engine are highly desirable to improve the operational performance and reliability. However, measurement of dynamic pressure (1psi (6.9kPa) variation superimposed on the static bias) in the operating environment of the engine, where temperatures might exceed 600°C and pressures might exceed 100psi (690kPa), is a great challenge to currently available sensors. To meet these requirements, a novel type of fiber optic engine pressure sensor has been developed. This pressure sensor functions as a diaphragm-based extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric (EFPI) sensor. The structure of the sensor head, composed entirely of fused silica, allows a much higher operating temperature to be achieved in conjunction with a low temperature dependence. The sensor head and the fiber tail have been packaged in a metal fitting connected to a piece of metal extension tubing, which improves the mechanical strength of the sensor and facilitates easy sensor installation. The sensor exhibited very good performance in an engine field test, demonstrating not only that the sensors' package is robust enough for engine operation, but also that its performance is consistent with that of a commercial Kulite sensor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number01
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume5590
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004
EventSensors for Harsh Environments - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Oct 26 2004Oct 27 2004

Keywords

  • Fiber optic sensor
  • Pressure sensor
  • Turbine engine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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