Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorders have been frequently reported as a complication of solid organ and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Their occurrence is rare after autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT) with only five published reports in the literature. We report two cases of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder occurring after autologous BMT for Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders can occur after autologous BMT and should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with persistent fever, adenopathy or pulmonary infiltrates.
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