ERP correlates of noun and verb processing in preschool-age children

Arlene A. Tan, Dennis L. Molfese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Indices of discrimination between words of different syntactic classes were examined in a group of 22 preschool-age children utilizing event-related potential (ERP) procedures. Video taped scenes depicted an actor performing actions with a set of toys. ERPs were recorded to spoken nouns or verbs that either matched or failed to match the action name or object name in the video scene. ERPs were analyzed using peak amplitude-ANOVA procedures and principal components analysis-ANOVA. Results indicated good convergence across analysis approaches. More specifically, P100 and N220 varied bilaterally over frontal electrode sites and discriminated between different syntactic classes for both match and mismatch situations. Based on comparisons with adult data from previous work [Molfese, D.L., Burger-Judisch, L., Gill, L.A., Golinkoff, R.M., Hirsh-Pasek, K., 1996. Electrophysiological correlates of noun-verb processing in adults. Brain and Language 54 388-413], it is suggested that the pattern of brain involvement underlying syntactic class discriminations undergo developmental changes between the preschool years and adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-51
Number of pages6
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Child
  • Development
  • Event-related potential (ERP)
  • Language
  • Match
  • Preschool
  • Syntax
  • Word function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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