Ethnic Differences in Family Stress Processes Among African-Americans and Black Caribbeans

Bridget J. Goosby, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Anna Bellatorre, James S. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several theories of stress exposure, including the stress process and the family stress model for economically disadvantaged families, suggest that family processes work similarly across race/ethnic groups. Much of this research, however, treats African-Americans as a monolithic group and ignores potential differences in family stress processes within race that may emerge across ethnic groups. This study examines whether family stress processes differ intraracially in African-American and Black Caribbean families. Using data from the National Survey of American Life, a national representative data set of African-American and Black Caribbean families, we assess the extent to which parents' stress appraisals and psychological adjustment are related to their adolescent children's stress appraisals, psychological adjustment, and depressive symptoms. Our study illustrates that stress processes differ by ethnicity and operate through varying pathways in African-American and Black Caribbean families. The implications of intraracial variations in stress processes are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-422
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of African American Studies
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • African-American
  • Black Caribbean
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Family
  • Intraracial
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Cultural Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science

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