Evaluation Informs Coalition Programming for Environmental Tobacco Smoke Reduction

Mary E. Cramer, Keith J. Mueller, Dianne Harrop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The objective for this formative evaluation was to establish baseline data for informing a community coalition's strategic planning in environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) risk reduction. The coalition had chosen 3 targeted settings for ETS risk reduction: restaurants, childcare facilities, and government buildings. The evaluation methodology involved telephone interviews (restaurants, n = 805; governmental buildings, n = 258) and mailed surveys (childcare facilities, n = 1,142). Data on county residents and businesses were used for comparison purposes and were analyzed from the Nebraska Social Climate Survey (2001; n = 558). Evaluation baseline findings showed that licensed childcare facilities were more ETS knowledgeable, less ETS tolerant, and more smoke-free than restaurants. Residents were more bothered by ETS than what restaurant proprietors perceived. The majority of governmental buildings were not smoke-free. Conclusions were that community health nurse evaluators can provide coalitions with formative evaluative data to inform strategic planning and increase the likelihood of effective program interventions for community impact on ETS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-258
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Community Health Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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