Evaluation of antibody response directed against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus structural proteins

Hung Q. Luong, Huong T.L. Lai, Hiep L.X. Vu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Luciferase-immunoprecipitation system (LIPS), a liquid phase immunoassay, was used to evaluate antibody responses directed against the structural proteins of PRRSV in pigs that were experimentally infected with virulent PRRSV strains. First, the viral N protein was used as a model antigen to validate the assay. The LIPS results were highly comparable to that of the commercial IDEXX PRRS X3 ELISA. Subsequently, the assay was applied to simultaneously measure antibody reactivity against all eight structural proteins of PRRSV. The highest immunoreactivities were detected against GP3, M, and N proteins while the lowest reactivity was detected against ORF5a protein. Comparative analysis of the kinetics of antibody appearance revealed that antibodies specific to N protein appeared earlier than antibodies against GP3. Finally, the assay was applied to measure immunoreactivities of clinical serum samples against N and GP3. The diagnostic sensitivity of the LIPS with N protein was superior to that of the LIPS with GP3. Collectively, the results provide additional information about the host antibody response to PRRSV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number533
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalVaccines
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Antibody profile
  • Humoral immunity
  • Luciferase-immunoprecipitation system
  • PRRSV
  • Swine viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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