Evaluation of client preference for function-based treatment packages

Gregory P. Hanley, Cathleen C. Piazza, Wayne W. Fisher, Stephanie A. Contrucci, Kristen A. Maglieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Functional communication training (FCT) and noncontingent reinforcement (NCR) are commonly prescribed treatments that are based on the results of a functional analysis. Both treatments involve delivery of the reinforcer that is responsible for the maintenance of destructive behavior. One major difference between the two treatment procedures is that client responding determines reinforcement delivery with FCT (e.g., reinforcement of communication is delivered on a fixed-ratio 1 schedule) but not with NCR (e.g., reinforcement is delivered on a fixed-time 30-s schedule). In the current investigation, FCT and NCR were equally effective in reducing 2 participants' destructive behavior that was sensitive to attention as reinforcement. After the treatment analysis, the participants' relative preference for each treatment was evaluated using a modified concurrent-chains procedure. Both participants demonstrated a preference for the FCT procedure. The results are discussed in terms of treatment efficacy and preference for control over when reinforcement is delivered. In addition, a method is demonstrated in which clients with developmental disabilities can participate in selecting treatments that are designed to reduce their destructive behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-473
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Choice
  • Concurrent operants
  • Concurrent-chains procedure
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Functional communication training
  • Noncontingent reinforcement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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