Evaluation of Diet and Dimethylarsinic Acid on the Urothelium of Syrian Golden Hamsters

Martin Cano, Lora L. Arnold, Samuel M. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Few studies have examined the carcinogenicity of chemicals toward the urinary bladder in hamsters, and the effect of diet on hamster urine and urothelium has not been reported. Our laboratory recently began investigating the effects of dimethylarsini c acid (DMA) on the hamster bladder, and we noticed subtle urothelial changes even in controls. The possible effect of various diets on hamster urothelium was evaluated by feeding different diets to 4-week-old Syrian Golden hamsters for 5 weeks. The diets examined were Tekland 8656, Purina 5002, Purina 5L79, and NIH-07. Light microscopic examination showed a slight increase in urothelial hyperplasi a in hamsters fed Purina 5L79. An increase in the incidence of urinary bladder necrosis, exfoliation, and mild hyperplasi a were noted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with all dietary preparation s except NIH-07. The constituents in the diets producing the urothelial alterations are not known at present, but NIH-07 diet was chosen for experiments to investigate the effects of DMA on the hamster bladder epithelium. Male and female 5-week-old Syrian Golden hamsters were fed 100 ppm DMA for 10 weeks. Examination of urinary parameters showed no treatment-related changes. Light microscopic examination and SEM revealed no changes of the urothelium of DMA-treated male or female hamsters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-606
Number of pages7
JournalToxicologic Pathology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 2001


  • Hamster
  • arsenic
  • bladder
  • diet
  • dimethylarsinic acid
  • urinary crystals
  • urothelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Cell Biology


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