Evaluation of geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase inhibition as a novel strategy for the treatment of osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma

Staci L. Haney, Dan Feng, Yashpal S. Chhonker, Michelle L. Varney, Jacob T. Williams, Lynette M. Smith, James B. Ford, Daryl J. Murry, Sarah A. Holstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rab GTPases are critical regulators of protein trafficking in the cell. To ensure proper cellular localization and function, Rab proteins must undergo a posttranslational modification, termed geranylgeranylation. In the isoprenoid biosynthesis pathway, the enzyme geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGDPS) generates the 20-carbon isoprenoid donor (geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate [GGPP]), which is utilized in the prenylation of Rab proteins. We have pursued the development of GGDPS inhibitors (GGSI) as a novel means to target Rab activity in cancer cells. Osteosarcoma (OS) and Ewing sarcoma (ES) are aggressive childhood bone cancers with stagnant survival statistics and limited treatment options. Here we show that GGSI treatment induces markers of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and triggers apoptotic cell death in a variety of OS and ES cell lines. Confirmation that these effects were secondary to cellular depletion of GGPP and disruption of Rab geranylgeranylation was confirmed via experiments using exogenous GGPP or specific geranylgeranyl transferase inhibitors. Furthermore, GGSI treatment disrupts cellular migration and invasion in vitro. Metabolomic profiles of OS and ES cell lines identify distinct changes in purine metabolism in GGSI-treated cells. Lastly, we demonstrate that GGSI treatment slows tumor growth in a mouse model of ES. Collectively, these studies support further development of GGSIs as a novel treatment for OS and ES.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-74
Number of pages13
JournalDrug Development Research
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Ewing sarcoma
  • isoprenoid biosynthesis pathway
  • osteosarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery

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