Evaluation of increasing antecedent specificity in goal statements on adherence to positive behavior-management strategies

Corey M. Cohrs, Mark D. Shriver, Raymond V. Burke, Keith D. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the impact of antecedent specificity in goal statements on adherence to positive behavior-management strategies. Teaching staff were recruited from 2 different school settings where there were routine expectations to use behavior-specific praise in the classroom, but adherence was poor. In a concurrent multiple baseline design, the use of behavior-specific praise by 4 participants was found to be unaffected by goal statements that increasingly specified the behavior to be used and the conditions under which the behavior should occur. However, adherence by 3 of the 4 participants did change when goal statements included teacher-specified frequencies with which the behavior should occur. Results were systematically replicated in a second study in which, in a concurrent multiple baseline design, 3 participants showed marked increases in adherence when goal statements specified the target behavior, the conditions under which it should occur, and the frequency with which it should occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)768-779
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • goal setting
  • praise
  • schools
  • treatment integrity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Philosophy

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