OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to evaluate image quality and overall adequacy of low-dose CT angiography (CTA) with model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) in patients who had undergone endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of a thoracic or abdominal MATERIALS AND METHODS. Thirty patients, all of whom had undergone standard-dose CTA performed previously with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR), underwent low-dose CTA for surveillance after EVAR. Two radiologists randomly evaluated both studies, and quality parameters were assessed. The maximal aneurysm diameter was measured, and the images were evaluated to see whether an endoleak was present. The image noise and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured. The volume CT dose index and dose-length product were recorded. RESULTS. The mean image score for low-dose CTA was acceptable to very good in all categories of assessment. There was no significant difference between low-dose CTA and standard-dose CTA in the evaluation of the stent lumen. Subjective assessments of stent configuration, aneurysm outline, aortic branch vessel outline, overall adequacy of vascular imaging, and overall adequacy of solid organ imaging were superior on standard-dose CTA. Interobserver agreement for endoleak detection was higher for low-dose CTA. There was no significant difference in the mean aneurysm diameter between the two readers on low-dose CTA and standard-dose CTA. The effective radiation dose for low-dose CTA was lower than standard-dose CTA during both the arterial (mean, 4.4 vs 16.2 mSv, respectively) and the delayed (2.4 vs 6.7 mSv) phase acquisitions. The measured image noise was lower (14.7 vs 19.3 HU) and CNR was higher (25.6 vs 17.1) on the low-dose CTA studies than on the standard-dose CTA studies. CONCLUSION. Low-dose CTA with MBIR enables up to 73% dose reduction as compared with CTA performed with ASIR while maintaining diagnostic adequacy for CTA surveillance of patients who have undergone EVAR of a thoracic or abdominal aortic aneurysm.
- Iterative reconstruction
- Model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR)
- Radiation dose
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging