Evaluation of microcolumn stability in ultrafast affinity extraction for binding and rate studies

Sazia Iftekhar, David S. Hage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Ultrafast affinity extraction (UAE) has recently been developed and employed for measuring non-bound (or free) fractions and binding or rate constants for drugs and other targets with soluble binding agents such as serum proteins. This study examined the long-term stability of 10 mm × 2.1 mm i.d. affinity microcolumns when used in UAE at both low and high flow rates (e.g., 0.5 and 3.5 mL/min) over an extended series of injections. This stability was investigated by using immobilized human serum albumin (HSA) and samples containing the drug warfarin with or without soluble HSA as a model system. The free warfarin fractions measured at 0.5 mL/min in the presence of soluble HSA were stable up to 150 injections and changed by <10% at 3.5 mL/min. The association equilibrium constant for warfarin with HSA that was estimated by UAE at 3.5 mL/min had no significant change over 50 injections and a change of only ∼18–22% over 100–150 injections. The dissociation rate constant for warfarin from HSA was found by combining UAE results at 0.5 and 3.5 mL/min and employing a new two-point approach, with no significant changes in this value being seen even after 200 injections. The effects of extended microcolumn use on the retention time, peak width, and peak asymmetry for warfarin, and on the backpressure of the microcolumn, were also considered. These results indicated that UAE and HSA microcolumns could be used to provide consistent values for free solute fractions, binding constants, and rate constants over a large series of injections. These results should be useful in future work by providing guidelines for the assessment, further development, and use of UAE in characterizing interactions involving other drugs and binding agents in solution-based samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number123047
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
StatePublished - Dec 15 2021


  • Affinity microcolumn
  • Drug-protein binding
  • Free drug fraction
  • Human serum albumin
  • Ultrafast affinity extraction
  • Warfarin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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