Evaluation of the potential impact of ebola virus genomic drift on the efficacy of sequence-based candidate therapeutics

Jeffrey R. Kugelman, Mariano Sanchez-Lockhart, Kristian G. Andersen, Stephen Gire, Daniel J. Park, Rachel Sealfon, Aaron E. Lin, Shirlee Wohl, Pardis C. Sabeti, Jens H. Kuhn, Gustavo F. Palacios

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52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Until recently, Ebola virus (EBOV) was a rarely encountered human pathogen that caused disease among small populations with extraordinarily high lethality. At the end of 2013, EBOV initiated an unprecedented disease outbreak in West Africa that is still ongoing and has already caused thousands of deaths. Recent studies revealed the genomic changes this particular EBOV variant undergoes over time during human-to-human transmission. Here we highlight the genomic changes that might negatively impact the efficacy of currently available EBOV sequence-based candidate therapeutics, such as small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomers (PMOs), and antibodies. Ten of the observed mutations modify the sequence of the binding sites of monoclonal antibody (MAb) 13F6, MAb 1H3, MAb 6D8, MAb 13C6, and siRNA EK-1, VP24, and VP35 targets and might influence the binding efficacy of the sequence-based therapeutics, suggesting that their efficacy should be reevaluated against the currently circulating strain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere02227-14
JournalmBio
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 20 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Virology

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    Kugelman, J. R., Sanchez-Lockhart, M., Andersen, K. G., Gire, S., Park, D. J., Sealfon, R., Lin, A. E., Wohl, S., Sabeti, P. C., Kuhn, J. H., & Palacios, G. F. (2015). Evaluation of the potential impact of ebola virus genomic drift on the efficacy of sequence-based candidate therapeutics. mBio, 6(1), [e02227-14]. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.02227-14