Evaluation of the relationship between weight change and glycemic control after initiation of antidiabetic therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes using electronic medical record data

Carrie McAdam-Marx, Jayanti Mukherjee, Brandon K. Bellows, Sudhir Unni, Xiangyang Ye, Uchenna Iloeje, Diana I. Brixner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: This study evaluates the relationship between HbA1c and weight change outcomes by anti-diabetic weight-effect properties in patients newly treated for type 2 diabetes; a relationship not previously characterized. Methods: Electronic medical records of patients with type 2 diabetes newly prescribed anti-diabetic monotherapy were assessed to identify HbA1c goal attainment [(<53. mmol/mol)] and weight change at 1-year. Anti-diabetics were categorized by weight-effect properties: weight-gain (sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones) and weight-loss/neutral (metformin, DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 agonists). Logistic regression analyses identified likelihood of attaining HbA1c goal or ≥3% weight loss by anti-diabetic category controlling for baseline characteristics. MANOVA was used to identify correlation between changes in weight and HbA1c. Results: The study included 28,290 patients. Mean age. ±. sd was 61 years ±. 11.8. Baseline HbA1c was 7.4%. ±. 1.6 (57. mmol/mol. ±. 17); 67.3% were prescribed a weight-loss/neutral anti-diabetic. At 1-year, more patients in the weight-loss/neutral anti-diabetic category lost weight (≥3%) than in the weight-gain anti-diabetic category (40.4% vs. 24.2%, p< 0.001) or had an HbA1c. < 7.0% (<53. mmol/mol) (71.1% vs. 63.8%, p< 0.001). Those prescribed a weight-gain anti-diabetic were 53% less likely to lose weight and 29% less likely to be at HbA1c goal than those prescribed a weight-loss/neutral anti-diabetic (p< 0.001). Weight loss and HbA1c outcomes were significantly correlated (p< 0.001). Conclusions: Weight loss of ≥3% was associated with better glycemic control in patients newly treated for type 2 diabetes. Anti-diabetics associated with weight-loss/neutrality were associated with greater weight loss and HbA1c goal attainment and may facilitate efforts to co-manage weight and glycemia in the ambulatory-care setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-411
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume103
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electronic medical records
  • HbA1c
  • Outcomes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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