29 Scopus citations


The primary aim of this study was to decrease the subjectivity of the Team Performance Observation Tool (TPOT) and determine the psychometric properties of this tool when using scenario-specific targeted behavioral markers (TBMs). We used a convenience sample of 47 physical therapy and 25 nursing students at an academic medical center who were organized in interprofessional teams of three to care for a simulated patient. The TPOT demonstrated satisfactory validity and reliability with the use of TBMs. We demonstrated significant correlations between the TPOT overall rating and two scenario-specific outcomes: (1) a negative correlation between the TPOT overall rating and the number of medical errors committed by the 24 teams (r = -0.531, p = 0.008) and (2) a positive correlation between the TPOT overall rating and a time-based functional outcome (r = 0.803, p < 0.001). We demonstrated substantial test-retest reliability (kappa = 0.707, p < 0.001), inter-rater reliability (kappa = 0.730), and good internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α = 0.921). The results of our study support the use of scenario-specific TBMs to enhance the reliability and validity of the TPOT for use in the evaluation of team-based simulation scenarios. Further evaluation of the TPOT with TBMs from other simulation and training contexts is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-208
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Interprofessional Care
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2015


  • Interprofessional education
  • Simulation
  • Targeted behavioral markers
  • Team Performance Observation Tool
  • Teamwork

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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