Evidence-based approaches to the application of precautionary allergen labelling: Report from two iFAAM workshops

Audrey DunnGalvin, Graham Roberts, Sabine Schnadt, Siân Astley, Moira Austin, W. Marty Blom, Joseph Baumert, Chun Han Chan, René W.R. Crevel, Kate E.C. Grimshaw, Astrid G. Kruizinga, Lynne Regent, Stephen Taylor, Michael Walker, E. N.Clare Mills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Food allergy is a major public health concern with avoidance of the trigger food(s) being central to management by the patient. Food information legislation mandates the declaration of allergenic ingredients; however, the labelling of the unintentional presence of allergens is less defined. Precautionary allergen labelling (PAL) was introduced by the food industry to help manage and communicate the risk of reaction from the unintended presence of allergens in foods. In its current form, PAL is counterproductive for consumers with food allergies as there is no standardized approach to applying PAL. Foods with a PAL often do not contain the identified food allergen while some products without a PAL contain quantities of common food allergens that are capable of inducing an allergic reaction. Integrated Approaches to Food Allergen and Allergy Risk Management (iFAAM) was an EU-funded project that aimed to improve the management of food allergens by the food industry for the benefit of people with food allergies. Within iFAAM, a clinically validated tiered risk assessment approach for food allergens was developed. Two cross-stakeholder iFAAM workshops were held on 13-14 December 2016 and 19-20 April 2018. One of the objectives of these workshops was to develop a proposal to make PAL effective for consumers. This paper describes the outcomes from these workshops. This provides the basis for the development of more informative and transparent labelling that will ultimately improve management and well-being in consumers with food allergy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1191-1200
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Experimental Allergy
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2019


  • analysis
  • food allergy
  • may contain
  • precautionary labelling
  • risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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