Offenders who violate their conditions of release (parole violators) pose a threat to public safety and a unique challenge for parole officials. Historically, parole officers have simply revoked the parole of these offenders and returned them to prison; however, increases in state correctional populations have forced many jurisdictions to experiment with sanctions administered by parole officers in the community. Community-based sanctions are sanctions administered by parole officers as consequences for noncompliance with release conditions that are ultimately intended to reduce parole violators' odds of recidivism. Yet, the effects of these types of sanctions are still relatively unknown. Drawing from perspectives on formal and informal social control, this study involved an examination of the effect of community-based sanctions on parole violators' odds of recidivism. Findings revealed that formal controls such as community-based sanctions that were applied with certainty, severity, and in a swift manner along with informal controls such as measures of offenders' stake in conformity had effects on parole violators' odds of recidivism and time to recidivism.
- social control
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine