Community health workers (CHWs) serve as the linkage between community and providers and are stakeholders for bridging services to the public. However, integration of CHWs into health care organizations is often lacking. This study explored macrosystem level barriers faced by CHWs and their ability to do their jobs effectively. Using qualitative interviews from CHWs (n = 28) in Nebraska, we used an abductive approach to derive the following themes: (1) CHWs and client macrosystem barriers, (2) CHW workforce supports, and (3) macrosystem solutions for CHW workforce sustainability. Study results also found various macrosystem barriers affecting CHW workforces including immigration policies, insurance policies, funding sources, supervisor support, and obstacles for health seeking of clients. Moreover, through the lens of CHWs, results revealed the need to provide and advocate for solutions that prioritize the needs of CHWs as they continue to fill a crucial gap in community healthcare systems.
- Community and public health
- Community health worker (CHW)
- Health disparities
- Social ecological model
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health