Exercise-related goals and self-efficacy as correlates of aquatic exercise in individuals with arthritis

Nancy C. Gyurcsik, Paul A. Estabrooks, Melissa J. Frahm-Templar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Objective. To examine whether aquatic exercise-related goals, task self-efficacy, and scheduling self-efficacy are predictive of aquatic exercise attendance in individuals with arthritis. A secondary objective was to determine whether high attendees differed from low attendees on goals and self-efficacy. Methods. The sample comprised 216 adults with arthritis (mean age 69.21 years). Measures included exercise-related goal difficulty and specificity, task and scheduling self-efficacy, and 8-week aquatic exercise attendance. Results. Results of a multiple hierarchical regression analysis were significant (P < 0.01). Goal difficulty, specificity, and task self-efficacy were independent predictors of attendance (P < 0.05). A significant multivariate analysis of variance (P < 0.01) indicated that high attendees had higher task and scheduling self-efficacy and lower goal difficulty than did low attendees (P < 0.05). Conclusion. Support for the importance of exercise-related goal setting and self-efficacy was demonstrated. Implications pertain to the design of interventions to impact aquatic exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-313
Number of pages8
JournalArthritis Care and Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 15 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Aquatic exercise
  • Arthritis
  • Correlates
  • Goal setting
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


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