Exercise training improves renal excretory responses to acute volume expansion in rats with heart failure

Hong Zheng, Yi Fan Li, Irving H. Zucker, Kaushik P. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Experiments were performed to test the postulate that exercise training (ExT) improves the blunted renal excretory response to acute volume expansion (VE), in part, by normalizing the neural component of the volume reflex typically observed in chronic heart failure (HF). Diuretic and natriuretic responses to acute VE were examined in sedentary and ExT groups of rats with either HF or sham-operated controls. Experiments were performed in anesthetized (Inactin) rats 6 wk after coronary ligation surgery. Histological data indicated that there was a 34.9 ± 3.0% outer and 42.5 ± 3.2% inner infarct of the myocardium in the HF group. Sham rats had no observable damage to the myocardium. In sedentary rats with HF, VE produced a blunted diuresis (46% of sham) and natriuresis (35% of sham) compared with sham-operated control rats. However, acute VE-induced diuresis and natriuresis in ExT rats with HF were comparable to sham rats and significantly higher than sedentary HF rats. Renal denervation abolished the salutary effects of ExT on renal excretory response to acute VE in HF. Since glomerular filtration rates were not significantly different between the groups, renal hemodynamic changes may not account for the blunted renal responses in rats with HF. Additional experiments confirmed that renal sympathetic nerve activity responses to acute VE were blunted in sedentary HF rats; however, ExT normalized the renal sympathoinhibition in HF rats. These results confirm an impairment of neurally mediated excretory responses to acute VE in rats with HF. ExT restored the blunted excretory responses as well as the renal sympathoinhibitory response to acute VE in HF rats. Thus the beneficial effects of ExT on cardiovascular regulation in HF may be partly due to improvement of the neural component of volume reflex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F1148-F1156
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume291
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Myocardial infarction
  • Renal function
  • Sympathetic nerve activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

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