The present study was undertaken to assess cardiac function and characterize β-adrenoceptor subtypes in hearts of diabetic rats that underwent exercise training (ExT) after the onset of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats using streptozotocin. Four weeks after induction, rats were randomly divided into two groups. One group was exercised trained for 3 wk while the other group remained sedentary. At the end of the protocol, cardiac parameters were assessed using M-mode echocardiography. A Millar catheter was also used to assess left ventricular hemodynamics with and without isoproterenol stimulation. β-Adrenoceptors were assessed using Western blots and [3H]dihydroalprenolol binding. After 7 wk of diabetes, heart rate decreased by 21%, fractional shortening by 20%, ejection fraction by 9%, and basal and isoproterenol-induced dP/dt by 35%. β1- and β2-adrenoceptor proteins were reduced by 60% and 40%, respectively, while β3-adrenoceptor protein increased by 125%. Ventricular homogenates from diabetic rats bound 52% less [3H]dihydroalprenolol, consistent with reductions in β1- and β2-adrenoceptors. Three weeks of ExT initiated 4 wk after the onset of diabetes minimized cardiac function loss. ExT also blunted loss of β1-adrenoceptor expression. Interestingly, ExT did not prevent diabetes-induced reduction in β2- adrenoceptor or the increase of β3-adrenoceptor expression. ExT also increased [3H]dihydroalprenolol binding, consistent with increased β1-adrenoceptor expression. These findings demonstrate for the first time that ExT initiated after the onset of diabetes blunts primarily β1-adrenoceptor expression loss, providing mechanistic insights for exercise-induced improvements in cardiac function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)