Exocrinopathy resembling Sjögren's syndrome in HTLV-1 tax transgenic mice

Jeffrey E. Green, Steven H. Hinrichs, Jonathan Vogel, Gilbert Jay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

271 Scopus citations

Abstract

HUMAN T-cell leukaemia virus 1 (HTLV-1) is a retrovirus aetiologically associated with adult T-cell leukaemia (ATL)1-3, tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) 4-6 and possibly multiple sclerosis (MS)7 in humans. Three founder lines of transgenic mice containing the HTLV-1 tax gene under the control of the viral long terminal repeat (LTR) 8 have previously been shown to develop neurofibromas9. Further analysis of these animals has now revealed that they also develop an exocrinopathy involving the salivary and lachrymal glands. This pathology resembles Sjögren's syndrome, a disease of presumed autoimmune aetiology, features of which are sometimes reported in HTLV-1 associated conditions. Mice with an HTLV-1 tax transgene might be a useful model for studying the development of Sjögren-syndrome-like pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-74
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume341
Issue number6237
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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