Exogenous progesterone and progestins as used in estrous synchrony regimens do not mimic the corpus luteum in regulation of luteinizing hormone and 17β-estradiol in circulation of cows

N. Kojima, T. T. Stumpf, A. S. Cupp, L. A. Werth, M. S. Roberson, M. W. Wolfe, R. J. Kittok, J. E. Kinder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our working hypothesis was that the low concentrations of progesterone (P4) and synthetic progestins administered in hormonal regimens to control estrous cycles of cows would have similar effects on secretion of LH and 17β-estradiol (E2). In addition, we hypothesized that concentrations of exogenous P4 typical of the midluteal phase of the estrous cycle and the corpus luteum (CL) would have similar effects on LH and E2, and the effects would be different from those of synthetic progestins and low concentrations of P4. Cows (n = 29) were randomly assigned to one of five treatment groups: 1) one Progesterone Releasing Intravaginal Device (1PRID; n = 6); 2) two PRIDs (2PRID; n = 6); 3) norgestomet, as in Syncro-Mate-B® regimen (SMB; n = 6); 4) melengestrol acetate (MGA; 0.5 mg/day; n = 5); and 5) control (CONT; n = 6). Treatments were administered for 9 days (Day 0 = initiation of treatment). All cows from 1PRID, 2PRID, SMB, and MGA groups were injected with prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)) on Days 2 and 5 of the treatment period to regress CL. Cows in the 1PRID and SMB groups were also administered exogenous estrogen according to the respective estrous synchronization protocol for these products. Daily blood samples were collected from Day 0 to 35 to determine concentrations of P4. On Day 8, blood samples were collected at 15-min intervals for 24 h to determine pattern of LH secretion. On Day 9, all treatments ceased and cows in the CONT group received injections of PGF(2α). Blood samples were collected at 1-h intervals after cessation of treatments to determine time of the preovulatory surge of LH. During the treatment period, mean concentrations of P4 in 2PRID and CONT groups were greater (p < 0.05) than in cows from the other groups. Mean concentrations of E2 in cows from the SMB group were greater (p < 0.05) as compared to cows from the other groups during the treatment period. In addition, concentrations of E2 in cows from the 1PRID group were greater (p < 0.05) than in cows from the 2PRID and CONT groups. On Day 8 of the treatment period, frequency of LH pulses in cows treated with SMB was greater (p < 0.05) and mean concentrations of LH in cows from the CONT group were lower (p < 0.05) as compared to cows from the other groups. Amplitude of LH pulses was not different (p > 0.05) among cows receiving the various treatments. Initiation of the preovulatory surge of LH was 20 h earlier (p < 0.05) in cows from the SMB group and tended (p < 0.10) to be earlier in cows from the 1PRID group than cows in the 2PRID and CONT groups. Four of five cows treated with MGA failed to initiate a preovulatory surge of LH during the sampling period. Concentrations of P4 during the subsequent estrous cycle were greater (p < 0.05) in cows from 2PRID and CONT groups than in cows from the other groups. We accept our working hypothesis that secretion of LH is similar in cows treated with the low dose of P4 and synthetic progestins. However, cows with the higher dose of P4 had a different profile of LH as compared to control cows with their corpus luteum in situ. Therefore, we reject this part of our working hypothesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1009-1017
Number of pages9
JournalBiology of reproduction
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Exogenous progesterone and progestins as used in estrous synchrony regimens do not mimic the corpus luteum in regulation of luteinizing hormone and 17β-estradiol in circulation of cows'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this