Exposure to domestic violence: A meta-analysis of child and adolescent outcomes

Sarah E. Evans, Corrie Davies, David DiLillo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

470 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study used meta-analysis to examine the relationship between childhood exposure to domestic violence and children's internalizing, externalizing, and trauma symptoms. Results from 60 reviewed studies revealed mean weighted effect size d-values of .48 and .47 for the relationship between exposure to domestic violence and childhood internalizing and externalizing symptoms, respectively, indicating moderate effects. A larger mean weighted effect size d-value of 1.54 was obtained for the relationship between exposure to domestic violence and childhood trauma symptoms, though this figure was based on only six studies. Moderator analyses for gender showed that the relationship between exposure to domestic violence and externalizing symptoms was significantly stronger for boys than for girls. Further analyses examining age, age by gender, and recruitment setting variables revealed no significant effects. Descriptive information obtained from this meta-analytic review suggests that more recent research within this area is beginning to address some of the significant methodological limitations of past research. Recommendations for future research in the area are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-140
Number of pages10
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • Child abuse
  • Child behavior problems
  • Child witnesses
  • Domestic violence
  • Family violence
  • Meta-analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Exposure to domestic violence: A meta-analysis of child and adolescent outcomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this