Expression of Hematopoietic Stem and Endothelial Cell Markers in Canine Hemangiosarcoma

Satoko Kakiuchi-Kiyota, Leslie A. Obert, Danielle M. Crowell, Shuhua Xia, Marc D. Roy, Timothy M. Coskran, John M. Kreeger, Torrie A. Crabbs, Samuel M. Cohen, Russell C. Cattley, Jon C. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Several chemicals and pharmaceuticals increase the incidence of hemangiosarcomas (HSAs) in mice, but the relevance to humans is uncertain. Recently, canine HSAs were identified as a powerful tool for investigating the pathogenesis of human HSAs. To characterize the cellular phenotype of canine HSAs, we evaluated immunoreactivity and/or messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of markers for hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), endothelial cells (ECs), a tumor suppressor protein, and a myeloid marker in canine HSAs. Neoplastic canine cells expressed EC markers and a myeloid marker, but expressed HSC markers less consistently. The canine tumor expression results were then compared to previously published immunoreactivity results for these markers in human and mouse HSAs. There are 2 noteworthy differences across species: (1) most human HSAs had HSC marker expression, indicating that they were comprised of tumor cells that were less differentiated than those in canine and mouse tumors; and (2) human and canine HSAs expressed a late-stage EC maturation marker, whereas mouse HSAs were negative, suggesting that human and canine tumors may retain greater differentiation potential than mouse tumors. These results indicate that HSA development is variable across species and that caution is necessary when discussing translation of carcinogenic risk from animal models to humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-493
Number of pages13
JournalToxicologic Pathology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020


  • canine
  • endothelial progenitor cells
  • hemangiosarcoma
  • hematopoietic stem cells
  • immunohistochemistry
  • tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Cell Biology


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