Expressivity of hearing loss in cases with Usher syndrome type IIA

André M. Sadeghi, Edward S. Cohn, William J. Kimberling, Glenn Halvarsson, Claes Möller

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    13 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the genotype/phenotype relationship between siblings with identical USH2A pathologic mutations and the consequent audiologic phenotypes, in particular degree of hearing loss (HL). Decade audiograms were also compared among two groups of affected subjects with different mutations of USH2A. Design: DNA samples from patients with Usher syndrome type II were analysed. The audiological features of patients and affected siblings with USH2A mutations were also examined to identify genotype-phenotype correlations. Study sample: Genetic and audiometric examinations were performed in 18 subjects from nine families with Usher syndrome type IIA. Results: Three different USH2A mutations were identified in the affected subjects. Both similarities and differences of the auditory phenotype were seen in families with several affected siblings. A variable degree of hearing loss, ranging from mild to profound, was observed among affected subjects. No significant differences in hearing thresholds were found the group of affected subjects with different pathological mutations. Conclusions: Our results indicate that mutations in the USH2A gene and the resulting phenotype are probably modulated by other variables, such as modifying genes, epigenetics or environmental factors which may be of importance for better understanding the etiology of Usher syndrome.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)832-837
    Number of pages6
    JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
    Volume52
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 2013

    Keywords

    • Genotype-phenotype correlation
    • Hereditary hearing loss
    • Retinitis pigmentosa
    • USH2A
    • Usherin

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Language and Linguistics
    • Linguistics and Language
    • Speech and Hearing

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