Background and Purpose: True aneurysms of the extracranial vertebral artery are rare. The usual pathogenesis of aneurysms in this location is either penetrating or blunt trauma with resultant pseudoaneurysm formation. We report a postpartum patient with a presumed traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the extracranial vertebral artery presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Case Description: A 41-year-old woman had three episodes of neck stiffness 1 month after an uncomplicated vaginal delivery. The last episode, 3 days before admission, was accompanied by intense neck and head pain and paresthesias that extended into the left arm, thumb, and forefinger. Results: Lumbar puncture showed subarachnoid hemorrhage. Angiography revealed a left vertebral artery dissection from C6-7 to C3 with pseudoaneurysm at C5-6. Computed tomography demonstrated impingement of the C6 root at the foramen by this lesion. The lesion was successfully treated by balloon occlusion of the vertebral artery. Conclusions: We present a patient with an extracranial vertebral pseudoaneurysm with subarachnoid hemorrhage and cervical root impingement. To our knowledge, this is the first case of such a lesion presenting as subarachnoid hemorrhage. The lesion was successfully treated using endovascular techniques.
- Embolization, therapeutic
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage
- Vertebral artery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing